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Новости и старости

2016-апрель

Maxims of today

1. if your document (book, image..) is not online, it does not exist

2. Users will prefer documents on simpler and friendlier interfaces

3. information more than ever needs to be carefully selected and served to groups of individual users

4. Role of classification systems as access points is increasing

2016-февраль

РГО оцифрует и выложит на сайте электронный архив книг по географии (2013). Оцифрована будет личная библиотека океанографа Юлия Шокальского и полный корпус изданий, вышедших под грифом РГО - это журналы, записки РГО, известия РГО, записки отделений, этнографический журнал "Живая старина". РИА Новости http://ria.ru/science/20131120/978445133.html#ixzz3zsxW0Hji

2016-январь


REPORT ON THE RESEARCH FORUM OF SAA 360° 2011 ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SOCIETY OF AMERICAN ARCHIVISTS

August 23, 2011 Jody L. DeRidder The day-long research forum preceding the conference consisted of 20 presentations ranging in length from 10-30 minutes and 27 poster sessions. The content covered ranged extensively, from research in particular fields such as archeological record keeping to the impact of social activism on archivist employment. There was a heavy concentration of focus on management of digital content, including scientific data, born-digital contributions to archives, and long-term access. There were also some interesting investigations into leveraging outside input, not only for crowd-sourcing, but also for finding new ways to process archival materials. This report will focus on these areas, and include information from my own presentation on the usability of our mass-digitization methods, in order to address current and upcoming concerns for the University of Alabama Libraries. 

URL: http://jodyderidder.com/writings/confReports/SAA2011/SAA2011ResearchForumReport.pdf


2015-окт/дек



..if the euthanasia movement’s records have indeed been destroyed, a lot of history has vanished, Orwell-like, down a cavernous memory hole. And with it, information the right-to-die movement doesn’t want you to know..



A new online research tool for studying Modern Orthodox Judaism is now available with Yeshiva University Libraries’ launch of the New York Synagogue Bulletins Collection, a digital collection of historic bulletins published by several prominent Modern Orthodox synagogues in the New York City area.  More than 2,000 bulletins, dating from the 1920s and assembled from the YU Libraries’ archival holdings of synagogue records, have been digitized and are fully searchable through our Digital Library at http://digital.library.yu.edu/new-york-synagogue-bulletins.  

Prior to the digital era, printed bulletins were a key vehicle through which institutions communicated with their memberships and the broader community in which they functioned.  The bulletins in this collection feature news and opinion articles on a range of topics pertaining to the parent synagogues and the larger Jewish world, in addition to containing event notices and local advertisements.  As such, they provide a valuable window into their parent organizations’ missions, viewpoints and activities.  This digital collection created by the YU Libraries from a variety of synagogues enables these artifacts to be readily accessed and comparatively studied.

The project has been funded in part by a grant awarded to the YU Libraries by the Metropolitan New York Library Council (Metro) as part of its program to expand access to historic and rare cultural heritage materials documenting the New York Metropolitan area. 


2015-сентябрь


"..Call-to-Action (CTA) — A specific action that you want visitors to take. Each section represents a different CTA — a separate step in your funnel. Once you calculate those values, you can pinpoint the areas that need the most improvement. Figure out which step — if improved — would provide the greatest value. And start with those tactics. By adopting that growth hacking mindset, you can scale your growth more effectively.

TACTIC 1: Choose a Contrasting Button Color. So use that insight. Increase the visual saliency of your CTA button. Choose button colors that contrast with the rest of your page. That contrast will naturally attract attention.

Processing Fluency — The ease and speed with which we process information

TACTIC 2: Increase the Amount of Whitespace.."

".. While analysts once predicted that e-books would overtake print by 2015, digital sales have instead slowed sharply.. Now, there are signs that some e-book adopters are returning to print, or becoming hybrid readers, who juggle devices and paper. E-book sales fell by 10 percent in the first five months of this year, according to the Association of American Publishers, which collects data from nearly 1,200 publishers. Digital books accounted last year for around 20 percent of the market, roughly the same as they did a few years ago... Publishers, seeking to capitalize on the shift, are pouring money into their print infrastructures and distribution... ut those double- and triple-digit growth rates plummeted as e-reading devices fell out of fashion with consumers, replaced by smartphones and tablets. Some 12 million e-readers were sold last year, a steep drop from the nearly 20 million sold in 2011.. The portion of people who read books primarily on e-readers fell to 32 percent in the first quarter of 2015, from 50 percent in 2012, a Nielsen survey showed. Higher e-book prices may also be driving readers back to paper.."


- "..Устройство инструмента прямо предопределяет результат его использования. Скажем, в США есть такая ассоциация стрелков, так вот они настаивают, что инструмент сам по себе нейтрален, что убивают люди, а не ружья. Конечно, это не так. Да, убить можно и молотком, но именно ружье самим своим устройством предназначено для того, чтобы метко поражать живую плоть на расстоянии. Кстати, молоток – тоже хороший пример предвзятости медиа. Марк Твен говорил, что

когда у тебя в руках молоток, вокруг оказывается что-то сразу много гвоздей.

Поэтому набор кнопок, выражающих эмоции, прямо влияет на те или иные настроения в экосистеме. Так что риски тут есть...

...при переходе от книги к мультимедиа происходит физиологическая перестройка мозга.

Чтение задействует языковые центры, а интернет-серфинг – задачные. Мозг же обладает так называемой нейропластичностью: какую его зону задействуешь, та и развивается. Поэтому умение ловко потреблять информацию в интернете развивается в ущерб способности к длинному чтению. Интернет-серфинг, кстати, очень полезен для стариков. Ведь мозгу приходится незаметно решать множество мелких задач: кликать — не кликать на ту или иную ссылку. Говорят, эта незаметная тренировка чуть ли не от болезни Паркинсона помогает. Но мозг молодого человека при переходе общества от книги к онлайну утрачивает способность к концентрации.

Вообще-то, длительная концентрация внимания на отвлеченном предмете человеку изначально не была свойственна, а в дикой природе даже опасна – могут съесть. Или попадешь под лошадь. До книги концентрироваться долго на одном объекте умели только жрецы и охотники.

Благодаря Гутенбергу умение фокусироваться на абстрактных мыслях физиологически изменило мозг миллионов людей, что привело к взрывному развитию науки, открытию вакцин, полетам в космос.

Сегодня мультимедийное воздействие на мозг выводит нас на новый виток спирали. У старшего поколения, может быть, еще есть какой-то иммунитет, какая-то рефлексия по поводу перехода от книги к онлайну. Но самая большая проблема здесь – воспитание детей. У них не было опыта социализации в офлайне, они думают, что интернет – это то, что было всегда. И у них вообще не было опыта длинного чтения."


  • Legacy of an Aviation Legend - Creating Access to Collections at the Sikorsky Archives. 

When you mention the name Sikorsky, most people think 'helicopters.' But in fact, Igor Sikorsky was an aviation pioneer in multi-engine and fixed wing aircraft as well.  The Igor I. Sikorsky Historical Archives is dedicated to preserving the history of Sikorsky's life and careers in aviation, and is operated in Stratford, CT, independently of Sikorsky Aircraft. The Archives is largely staffed by dedicated volunteers, and their combined experience in aviation adds up to over 600 years. The Sikorsky Archives staff fields email questions from all over the world, and its website has an active international following by researchers, historians, and aviation enthusiasts.

Some of the Archives' oversize and most fragile materials were recently sent to NEDCC for digitization, including Sikorsky's personal scrapbooks, which contain newspaper clippings and articles about his own successes as well as other aviation news of the time, and cover the period between 1923 and 1958. While the scrapbook's bindings are stable, the contents are so fragile that the Archives' staff has avoided opening them, and researchers have not had access to their information.

TO READ MORE  . . . View the complete story and slideshow on the NEDCC Stories page:
https://www.nedcc.org/about/nedcc-stories/sikorsky-archives



2015-август: 


2015-июль: ARCHIVES 2015 Conference Recordings on MP3

Get the most out of ARCHIVES 2015! Now you can have access to all 2015 conference recorded sessions until August 2016. Listen to whatever sessions you choose whenever you’d like via your MP3 player, smartphone, or tablet. Or download them to a CD if you’d prefer. You’ll receive access notification via email, with link and passcode. (Note: Based on speaker preference, not all presentations will be recorded. Check the session listing in the online program (https://archives2015.sched.org/) for an indication of those that will not be fully recorded.)

Recordings will be available by September 15, 2015.

SAA Member: $19.99
Nonmember: $29.99

Purchase Online: http://www2.archivists.org/am2015/program/MP3s


Guided by a faculty of national experts, join colleagues from institutions large and small for 2 1/2 days of instruction on best practices and practical strategies for the creation, curation, and use of digital collections.
 

Topics will include:   Assessing Risks to Digital Collections
  Understanding Rights & Responsibilities
  Digital Project Planning
  Selection for Digitization
  Creating Useful Digital Objects
  Metadata for Digital Projects
  Digital Storage
  Working with Born-Digital Collections
  Digitizing Audiovisual Collections

2015-July: fastcodesign.com: Why Brands Should Mine Their Archives. IN THE DIGITAL AGE, ATTENTION SPANS ARE SHORT BUT COLLECTIVE MEMORIES ARE LONG. HERE'S THE STORYTELLING OPPORTUNITY BRANDS ARE MISSING.

....Over 30 years, curator Robert Opie has collected the chocolate bars, cereal packets, and washing powders of yesteryear, using them to build a public collection: the Museum of Brands, Packaging and Advertising. The artifacts may not be valuable, but they form a crucial part of the nation’s culture—a shared heritage that goes beyond individual memory.

1. Digitize an accessible archive

2. Design an interface that enables users to discover content

3. Create a searchable visualization of the company


2015-Июнь: gazeta.ru: В Индии доступ к интернету получат 250 тысяч деревень


2015-June: theweek.com: Why the future of paper is more complicated than you think


2015-Июнь: gazeta.ru: Подписан закон о преференциях российскому ПО.


2015-Июнь: gazeta.ru: Вольное историческое общество будет бороться с историческими фальсификациями


2015-June: Railroad Digital Collection in Argentina

Colecciones Especiales y Archivos of the Universidad de San Andrés is pleased to announce the launch of the Hume Hermanos digital collection. This family business was a civil engineering firm that built thousands of kilometers of railroads; bridges; roads and factories and was also involved in quarrying business in Argentina between 1908 and the 1950’s.

The collection holds more than 1500 glass plate stereographs, paper photographs- which represent a remarkable part of the collection-, sketches, budgets, drawings, cost evaluations and business correspondence. All its near 10,000 items have been completely digitized sponsored by a British Library major grant through the Endangered Archives Programme. The award promoted the digital preservation of the resources, ensuring the long term preservation of the digitized items.

The material can be browse, with its description both in English and Spanish at the University DSpace Platform.

We encourage you to visit our website where we hold many archives and collections related to the British and Irish communities in Argentina.


2014-Ноябрь.colta.ru: Архив Загорского эксперимента выложат в интернет


2014-October. ibtimes.co.uk: Vatican Library Making 4,000 Ancient Manuscripts Available Online For Free.